The hip is one of the body's largest weight-bearing joints. It consists of two main parts: a ball (femoral head) at the top of the thighbone (femur) that fits into a rounded socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis. Bands of tissue called ligaments (hip capsule) connect the ball to the socket and provide stability to the joint. The bone surfaces of the ball and socket have a smooth durable cover of articular cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily.
The most common cause of chronic hip pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis are the most common forms of this disease.
Osteoarthritis usually occurs after age 50 and often in an individual with a family history of arthritis. It may be caused by subtle irregularities in how the hip developed. In this form of the disease, the articular cartilage cushioning the bones of the hip wears away. The bones then rub against each other, causing hip pain and stiffness. Learn more...
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the synovial membrane becomes inflamed, produces too much synovial fluid and damages the articular cartilage, leading to pain and stiffness.
Traumatic Arthritis can follow a serious hip injury or fracture. A hip fracture can cause a condition known as avascular necrosis. The articular cartilage becomes damaged and, over time, causes hip pain and stiffness.
Does hip pain keep you from enjoying
Hip pain due to arthritis or injury can make normal everyday activities painful and difficult.
Medications, and/or changes to everyday activities, or the use of walking aids such as a cane may be helpful.
If these measures are ineffective in relieving your pain, ask your doctor about hip replacement surgery, or call the Connecticut Joint Replacement Institute
at 1-866-501-CJRI (2574).
Hip replacement surgery can relieve hip pain, increase motion, and help you return to the enjoyment of your favorite everyday activities.
Learn more about hip replacement surgery...